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Advance Foot and Ankle Solutions support team is absolutely attentive to your requirements related to bunion surgery. Call & book an appointment right away for professionally diagnosed, treated and empathetically cured foot and ankle issues, to lead a wholesome, enviable lifestyle.
Bunions Explained By Your Bunions Doctor
Bunions, medically known as “hallux valgus”, may well progress into a grave issue similar to its biological terminology. Anatomically, it is a bony projection off the side of the big toe that is often painless in the initial stage. Bunions form at a joint wherein the whole bodyweight has to be borne with each advancing step.
The formation of bunions may occur in either feet or both. It is a potent indication of occurrence of changes in the skeletal framework of the forefoot. The big toe angles inwards, leaning towards the adjacent 2nd toe in contrast to its normal straight position. If this condition persists for longer time periods, the bones often become misaligned, turning the protrusion more prominent.
Bunions happen to be a gradational anomaly that develops worsening pain and soreness over time. Since symptoms often become evident at much later stages, it often goes unnoticed and untreated for years. Incidentally, some individuals never feel the associated pain and discomfort at all.
The Underlying Causes
Bunions are primarily the condition of adulthood, although its occurrence in earlier years is not a rare phenomenon. If detected and diagnosed earlier, some severe forms of foot deformities may be warded off effectively.
- Genetically Inherited Defective Foot Mechanical Structure
- Arthritis (especially, the rheumatoid one)
- Achilles Tendon
- Tight Muscles & Tendons
- Certain Foot Injuries
- Narrow & High Heel Shoes
- Abnormal Podiatric Development In The Pre-Birth Stage
The Associated Symptoms
- Discomfort In The Skin Overlying The Bunion
- Pain & Soreness At The Bunion Site
- Thickening Of Bunion Skin
- Periodic Burning Sensations
- Inflammation & Redness Over The Bunion Skin
- Swelling In The Affected Toe Joint
- Possible Numbness In The Area Around The Bunion
- Restricted Motion Of The Affected Toe Joint
It should be taken note of that women are more prone to developing and suffering from bunions than men by about 10 times. This is essentially due to the lifestyle young ladies usually follow, specifically in terms of footwear selection. Moreover, anyone living under this chronic condition usually has to compromise on adapting a particular lifestyle that doesn’t aggravate the issue and aids in its correction. The adaptive measures may include restricting your routine workout frequency & methods, and suspending the usage of your favorite type of footwear.
Treatment Via The Nonsurgical Procedure
The basic treatment method employed is aimed at reducing the bunion pain and inflammation without actually removing the deformed condition itself; it can only help in preventing further deterioration of the toe joint and the superficial skin layer.
- Ice Padding applied several times in a day to provide relief from painful and inflamed condition
- Cushioning Via Soft Padding over the bunion to help control swelling and pain
- Correct Footwear with features such as low heels and broader, spacious toe box
- Customized Orthotic Devices may be prescribed under certain conditions
- Oral Medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory painkillers that subside pain and inflammation
- Steroidal Injection comprising of corticosteroids to cure inflamed bursa that at times accompanies a bunion
- Restricted Activity such as reduced exercise or workout and walking or standing for prolonged periods
Treatment Via The Surgical Procedure
At times wherein the nonsurgical method fails to produce the desired result and the subject has to suffer from such a degree of pain that it actually impedes the routine life, surgical intervention may be the final option that your podiatric surgeon would suggest to you.
A variety of surgical methodologies have been developed over time to resolve 3 major issues related to bunions: pain, the bunion protrusion & general bony structure of the foot, and soft tissue changes. The choice of a particular procedure or a combination of more relies upon certain factors that have to be taken into account prior to proceeding with the operative practice.
The correction of bunions via surgery is performed employing any of the two methods listed below in order to realign the deformed bones:
- Bone-mending Procedures
- Bone-cutting Procedures
Post-surgical Bunion Recovery
The full recovery period in the post-surgical phase would rest upon the mode of surgery employed by your bunion surgeon. As a general rule, full recovery is not possible prior to 6 weeks in any case without the ability to speed up the process. In about 7 to 12 weeks’ time normal footgear and routine activities can be resumed. Healing process can be extended by the following factors:
- Inadequate Nutrition
- Natural Ageing Process
- Some Medical Complications