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Diabetes is a polygenic disease characterized by abnormally high glucose levels in the blood. It is one of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst. Diabetes has a direct impact on your foot because it causes nerve damage, poor blood flow, and infections that can aggravate foot problems.
In addition, your ankles are vulnerable to the effects of diabetes due to the swelling from the fluid upsurge in your tissues. A diabetic patient always finds it difficult to take care of his or her foot since the overall symptoms of diabetes are detrimental.
Despite everything, podiatrists have discovered ways to put diabetic patients at ease and enable them to manage their conditions without compromising their lifestyle.
Here is how you can manage diabetes and improve your foot health:
1. Regular Foot Checkup
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Diabetic conditions are unpredictable. Hence, it is important that you get regular foot checkups. Signs like inflammation, calluses, cuts, sores, blisters, and red spots are common. Take a mirror and ask someone to help you check your foot’s bottom. If any of the signs seem evident or you feel mild or acute pain, contact your doctor immediately.
2. Daily Foot Cleansing
As obvious as it sounds, a diabetic patient must wash his or her foot every day. In this particular case, patients are not allowed to soak their feet as it can wither the skin, causing further complications.
Follow these steps:
- Use warm water to moisten your foot.
- Use mild soap as a detergent.
- Gently dry your foot, especially between your toes.
- Apply a thin layer of moisturizing cream.
- Do not apply the cream between your toes.
3. Foot Protection
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Choose comfortable footwear that does not pinch your foot. Make sure that the footwear is devoid of any objects, otherwise, the object will rub against the bottom of your foot, inflicting pain. Podiatrists advise in favor of walking with shoes on, even at home, for there is a possibility of sharp objects hitting your foot leading to diabetic limb salvage.
4. Careful Trimming of Toenails
Trim your toenails carefully. Cut your toenails straight across and file the edges with a nail file. Do not cut them too short or into the corners, as this can instigate ingrown toenails, foot wounds, or infections. If you have trouble trimming your toenails, ask your healthcare provider or a podiatrist to do it for you.
5. No Smoking
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“Smoking is injurious to health.” The quote has been alive for many decades yet the problem remains as it is. Smoking can reduce the amount of oxygen and blood that reaches your feet, which can slow down the healing process and increase the risk of infections and amputations.
Diabetes is a dangerous condition that can make its way into your foot capabilities. Foot checkups, foot cleansing, foot protection, toenails trimming, and smoking discontinuation are successful preventive measures for your foot.
Above all, stay in touch with your endocrinologist and podiatrist to avoid future repercussions related to high blood sugar conditions.